Waste management includes all tasks and activities that serve the disposal, recycling, avoidance, and waste reduction.
Waste management is also called the waste industry. It includes all activities and tasks related to the prevention, monitoring, treatment, handling, reuse and recycling of solid waste.
At the same time, waste management is a recognized branch of industry. As a sub-area of materials management, it is responsible for the economical and safe disposal of residues from production, waste energy and assets that are no longer usable or are no longer available (waste).
In raw materials-related economic sectors, waste management also has a cost management significance. These relate to the costs of disposal and raw material recovery as well as the costs of disposal or recycling of co-products.
Waste management also belongs to the applied natural sciences. The field is traditionally attributed to civil engineering, due to its close connection to urban planning, wastewater disposal and treatment. At the end of the 19th century, it was recognized that household and industrial waste's systematic disposal was necessary, especially in large cities.
Waste management in itself includes the planning, execution and control of the activities and tasks associated with it. This can consist of waste from households, public areas (parks, roads, etc.), industry, commerce and the service sector.
The organization of waste management can be public, private or mixed. On the economic, scientific and public level the following areas are dealt with:
In addition to the legal basis for waste disposal, companies must comply with regulations concerning employees' health and safety during sorting, transport, and disposal. These regulations for the protection of employees are made up of various sources:
Depending on the orientation of the company, other rules and regulations must also be observed.
It is essential to appoint a person responsible for monitoring and controlling all processes, to ensure that everything runs smoothly in waste management. Companies that pose a threat to the environment are required by law to appoint a special waste management officer (waste manager). This is regulated in the Closed Substance Cycle Waste Management Act (KrWG).
The tasks of such an authorized person include:
Waste managers are indispensable in waste management to support a company in all disposal-related matters, coordinate measures, and monitor and control them. Their activities also ensure the safety and health protection of employees when handling waste.