Waste separation involves the separate collection of different types of waste.
Waste separation is a separate collection of different types of waste. The waste, which is as far as possible sorted by type, is then reused as secondary raw material or disposed of according to type.
A distinction is made between two groups of originators and dependent aspects for waste separation:
This differentiation results in different waste separation systems. Household waste is usually disposed of uniformly through a system that covers the entire area and is integrated into the municipal waste management system. On the other hand, companies require special solutions adapted to the industry and product, which can be integrated into their business workflows.
Today, both sides are often combined into a uniform waste separation system that follows the same legal framework, financing and waste management organization.
In addition to waste from consumption and production (primary waste), secondary waste is also considered in waste separation. This waste is generated during waste disposal (including residues from animal carcass recycling, waste incineration ashes and slag, shredded material, sewage sludge).
Waste has become an important economic good. This is the only way to finance waste disposal from a macroeconomic point of view. For this reason, waste separation is also seen as an opportunity to refine otherwise worthless material. Modern waste management follows this principle.
In the process of waste separation, a distinction is made between two methods:
The latest developments are taking into account the later disposal of a product already during its manufacturing and use. This should make waste separation easier. Measures such as the Green Dot also make it easier for disposal companies to separate the residual waste from the source furthermore efficiently.
Until the late 1970s, there was only one type of waste separation: waste and non-waste. Accordingly, there was only one garbage can for each household, and for garbage that did not fit into the can, bulky waste was collected several times a year. It was only from this time on that thoughts were given to waste separation further.
Correctly implemented waste separation is sustainable. It conserves natural resources, protects the environment from further destruction and saves costs. Many recyclable materials and raw materials in the waste can be recycled by separating waste.