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Comply with ground operations regulations with an aircraft ground handling checklist

This Aircraft Ground Handling Checklist can be used to ensure that all the necessary tasks are completed before, during, and after an aircraft’s arrival and departure from an airport.

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Audit
1 Personal Protective Equipment & Ramp
1.1 Does the Team Leader check all staff for PPE prior to aircraft arrival / engagement? All staff must be wearing all PPE required for their task, standard PPE included safety boots, ear defenders, and Hi Viz.
1.2 Are employees using electronic devices (PED's)? No Personal electronic devices are to be used within the re-fuelling zones around the aircraft.
1.3 Are there fluid leaks / slip or trip hazards on the ground? Any sign of leaked fluids or trip hazards must be reported to airfield operations and equipment and personnel kept clear to prevent increasing contamination
2 Pre-Arrival Setup
2.1 Is all equipment required for the turnaround available on stand and clear of the equipment restraint areas? Apron equipment is to be positioned behind the equipment restraint line with the parking brakes applied prior to the arrival of the aircraft. This includes chocks & cones.
2.2 Was a pre-arrival FOD walk completed? The entire stand area must be clear of FOD prior to the aircraft arrival. It is the responsibility of all airside users to inspect the stands for FOD.
2.3 Is unattended motorised GSE turned off? All equipment must be switched off and moved away from aircraft when unattended.
2.4 Is crew present prior to aircraft arrival? Crew must be present for aircraft arrival to ensure the stand has been inspected and safe.
2.5 Is the aircraft safety zone clear? All personnel must be clear of the aircraft danger areas for arrival, no staff be stood or wait within the safety zones. Equipment must be in designated parking bays.
2.6 Are motorised and non-motorised equipment secured when not in use? Are all brakes secured and used correctly. Chocks in place when equpment not in use.
3 Arrival at Gate
3.1 Do staff wait for the aircraft to be in a 'Safe' condition before approaching? The anti-collision lights must be switched off, engines / propellers come to a complete stop.
3.2 Are nose gear chocks applied immediately after engine shut down? The nose gear must be chocked before main gear (*unless airline standards differ).
3.3 Are the chocks applied as per the airline requirements? Check the requirements for each airline within their GOM, if no standards are defined IGOM standards are to be used.
3.4 Are the cones positioned as per the airline requirements? Check the requirements for each airline within their GOM, if no standards are defined IGOM standards are to be used.
3.5 Do vehicles pass underneath the aircraft fuselage or wings? No vehicles may pass underneath the aircraft fuselage or wings.
3.6 Do staff only travel in vehicles where a seat is available? No Seat No Ride - No Passengers without a seat
3.7 Is a post-arrival aircraft damage check performed? Damage check must be performed before any staff are allowed to approach the aircraft. The check must be documented and visible.
4 Aircraft Offload / Onload
4.1 Are vehicles driven at walking speed? Max speed - Walking pace around aircraft
4.2 GSE driven with handrails/lifts lowered? Safety rails must be lowered whilst vehicles are driven to prevent damage to aircraft when approaching.
4.3 Two Stop brake check completed? Two-Stop brake check to be completed when approaching aircraft.
4.4 Is the GSE positioned without contacting the aircraft? All GSE must be positioned with no contact with the aircraft. A small gap must remain to allow for aircraft movement.
4.5 Is the GSE parked with brakes set and chocks applied? Vehicles without stabilisers must be chocked to prevent damage to aircraft from sudden movement.
4.6 Have all safety rails been deployed on GSE? If applicable. Depending on type and use, safety rails must be deployed and used. Refer to each GSE's training module for guidance.
4.7 Are passengers properly escorted by Passenger Services Agents? Passengers must be escorted on the ramp and guided to safe areas at all times. Passengers must be kept on designated walkways.
4.8 At no point do Staff ride on belt/hi-loader platforms? No staff may ride on rear bed of hi-loader or on moving conveyor on beltloader.
4.9 Is the rear of the aircraft offloaded first (if applicable)? To prevent 'Tail Tipping' offload rear first, Onload - load front first.
4.1 Do drivers follow travel path away from engines? Safe Route around the aircraft followed, no vehicles to pass engines with ULDs.
4.11 Is GSE lowered when not in use? All GSE must be fully lowered when not in use.
4.12 Does GSE block fuel truck movement? Vehicles must not block emergency access for fuel truck escape
5 Departure
5.1 All nets secured correctly prior to departure All nets must be secured correctly prior to closing cargo door
5.2 If EMA's are to travel are they deactivated and tested prior to loading Inspect EMA tag for completion and safe for carriage. EMA to be tested to ensure isolation
5.3 Has the EMA been secured as per airline procedure. Lashing and segregation as required.
5.4 Is steering bypass pin installed prior to tow bar connection? Correct by-pass pin must be installed before tow bar is connected.
5.5 Did a guide person assist in attaching the tow bar? Tug driver must be guided onto tow bar by guide person
5.6 Is the towbar locked in place with the safety locking pin? If applicable - the safety locking pin must be inserted through the head to prevent detachment during pushback.
5.7 Was pre-departure FOD walk completed? The stand must be checked for FOD prior to aircraft departure
5.8 Does the headset operative perform a full pre-departure walkaround inspection? The headset operative must check the entire aircraft (including wingtips) for open latches / hatches and ensure all doors are secure. They must also inspect for any damage.
5.9 Are cones only removed after all GSE is clear? Cones must only be removed once all equipment is clear of the aircraft, doors are closed and aircraft ready to depart.
5.1 Are chocks removed only once aircraft is ready to pushback? Chocks must only be removed once airbridge is removed and the pushback tug is connected to the aircraft.
5.11 Is tow bar aligned with A/C, prior to push? Tug must be aligned with aircraft - no angled pushbacks
5.12 Is the pushback performed at walking speed? The speed of the pushback must match the headset operative.
5.13 Is bypass pin displayed to flight crew? All Clear' signal clearly shown to flight crew once by-pass pin and all staff clear of aircraft.
5.14 Is all equipment returned to the correct parking bays? The stand must be left clear ready to service the next aircraft. Equipment must be returned to designated parking space.
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Ground Crew Provide Safe and Efficient Aircraft Ground Handling for Takeoff and Landing


This Aircraft Ground Handling Checklist includes a list of items to be checked and performed, such as fueling, cleaning, catering, baggage handling, and maintenance. The checklist also includes spaces for the ground handling personnel to note any issues or defects found during the handling process, as well as their signature to confirm that the tasks have been completed. This template can be used as a tool to help ensure that the aircraft is prepared for its flight and that all necessary safety and regulatory requirements are met. It also helps to promote the efficient, safe and smooth operation of the aircraft.

Please note that this checklist template is a hypothetical appuses-hero example and provides only standard information. The template does not aim to replace, among other things, workplace, health and safety advice, medical advice, diagnosis or treatment, or any other applicable law. You should seek your professional advice to determine whether the use of such a checklist is appropriate in your workplace or jurisdiction.
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