Ensure safe payment card transactions by using a PCI DSS compliance checklist. Learn more about the required security controls and processes, and how to pass PCI DSS compliance audits.
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A PCI DSS Compliance Checklist is a document used to evaluate if the payment card systems are secured. This assessment includes online payments, physical payment card terminals, and handling of given card details.
The PCI DSS assessment checklist contents are made by an international forum called the PCI Security Standards Council. The council members are Visa, Mastercard, American Express, JCB International, and Discover Financial Services. Together, they create and develop standards and educational resources to ensure safe payments worldwide.
Compliance with the PCI Standards is a must if a business will be receiving card payments. Although the compliance process is continuous, it will bring in many benefits such as gaining customer trust, improved store reputation, and prevention of data breaches.
In the PCI DSS Compliance Checklist, security controls, and processes need to be put in place. These controls and procedures aim to protect the cardholder data and authentication data entered into a store’s payment system.
Below are six goals that need to be reached when putting up security controls and processes. The information below is referenced from the PCI Security Standards Council.
Putting up a secure system and network will prevent criminals from virtually accessing any cardholder and authentication data. And two steps can be taken to achieve this.
The first step is by installing and maintaining a solid firewall configuration. A firewall is a network security device that controls the flow of traffic between networks.
The second step is to change all the default or vendor-supplied passwords in the system. Examples of default passwords are “1234”, “4321”, “guest” “pass” and “admin.” Vendor-supplied passwords are widely known and can be easily used by hackers to infiltrate a payment system.
Cardholder data is any information that can be found on or inside a payment card. According to the PCI DSS assessment checklist, businesses are expected to protect cardholder data.
According to the guidelines, some information (like PAN, cardholder name, and expiration date) can be stored, but sensitive information (like complete track data and CVV) must never be stored. And the first step to do so is protecting all the stored cardholder data in the system. And this involves masking, immediate deletion, and making it entirely unrecoverable after authorization.
Another crucial step is encrypting all cardholder data when it needs to be transmitted in a public network. This is because hackers can easily intercept any data in a public network. So, using strong cryptography and security protocols are required to be used for encryption.
A Vulnerability Management Program is a process of finding vulnerabilities, weaknesses, and exploits in a payment card system.
To accomplish this, the PCI DSS compliance audit checklist requires having malware protection and regular updating of anti-virus software in the system. This will significantly eliminate any software threats that might have entered.
Next is to develop and maintain strong security systems and applications. It is required to apply vendor-supplied patches continuously. This is crucial since it contains fixes and repairs to system vulnerabilities.
Having a strong access control to a payment card system dramatically reduces the number of users accessing cardholder data. The Council requires having a business need-to-know type of access.
Access restriction is a necessary measure. This means limiting access to data depending on the job responsibilities and privileges of the system user.
Another required measure is to find ways to identify and authenticate the system components of a user. This way, any access and changes made can be traced.
Network systems and devices can be used by criminals to gain access to payment card information. And to protect the system from these attacks, regular monitoring and testing of networks is needed.
To do so, the Council requires putting in logging mechanisms in the network environment. This will allow easy tracking of cases of compromised cardholder data.
Criminals are continuously finding ways to find vulnerabilities in the system, so they must test system components, processes, and software regularly. This is critical, especially if there is a system change like newly installed software and changes in the system configurations.
Promoting employee awareness of the sensitivity and responsibility of cardholder data is a great way to improve security controls. That is why the PCI DSS Compliance Checklist requires a strong information security policy in a company.
Aside from considering the required security controls and measures, there are also other requirements like consultations and documentation to completely pass the PCI Data Security Standards.
Although the specific requirements may vary depending on the payment card brand, the general steps below can be used to reference the process of compliance with PCI Data Security Standards.
PCI DSS checks are a continuous process that must be repeated again and again. To maintain an overview, fall back on data from previous audits, and make the audits simple, a digital tool is more suitable than paper documents.
Lumiform is a highly readable mobile application for audits and inspections. Using the app on your smartphone or tablet, you can easily perform PCI DSS compliance self-assessments in the field and share the data instantly with other employees. Set Lumiform as your PCI compliance app by taking advantage of the following digital solution benefits: