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Navigating the Waves of Change: A Guide to Effective Management of Change

Learn all the Management of Change (MOC) procedures. This guide explains what it is, and how to implement it.

In business, there are always changes happening. Many managers face the challenge of managing change, both within their own teams and across the organization as a whole. Change is inevitable, and while it can be exciting to see new opportunities and possibilities arise, it can also be stressful and challenging to manage.

Bellow, we explain all about what management of change (MOC) is and how to implement such practices in your organization.

What Is Management Of Change?

In its essence, management of change (MOC) is a practice used to ensure that safety, health, and environmental risks are controlled when a company makes changes in its facilities, documentation, personnel, or operations.

Management of change processes is a key component in any risk management program since it creates a formal, documented, and authorized procedure to handle any proposed modifications that may bring unanticipated new hazards or raise the risk of existing threats. The MOC procedure also makes sure that any related documentation is updated and that changes are notified to potentially affected personnel.

MOC’s primary objective is to safeguard employees from potential damage while the change is in effect. Because of this, organizations like the EPA, OSHA, and COMAH are all participating in MOC.

In this guide, you will learn:

1. What are the types of changes that management of change (MOC) addresses?

2. Which agencies are involved with MOC?

3. How to implement MOC in your organization?

Types of changes

The management of change (MOC) process addresses a wide range of changes that can occur in an organization, from minor changes to major modifications that can have significant impacts on safety, environmental, or financial risks.

  1. Facility ChangesWhen it comes to the scope of facility changes that are covered by the management of change (MOC) process, it is important to note that it includes any modifications made to equipment within a facility, regardless of whether the equipment is old or new. This can encompass a wide range of modifications, such as the addition of new equipment, the removal of existing equipment, changes to existing equipment to improve efficiency or safety, and changes to the way equipment is operated or maintained.By addressing all equipment modifications through the MOC process, organizations can ensure that their operations remain safe, efficient, and compliant with regulatory requirements.
  2. Procedural ChangesProcedural changes are an essential part of the management of change (MOC) process, as they involve modifications made to previously establish safety, quality, or operating limits in the operating procedure. This can include changes to the steps required to operate a piece of equipment, modifications to quality control or testing procedures, updates to safety protocols, and alterations to operating limits or other performance parameters.Procedural changes are often made in response to changing business needs, new regulatory requirements, or the introduction of new equipment or processes, and as such, they must be carefully evaluated and managed through the MOC process to ensure that any risks associated with the changes are identified and mitigated appropriately.
  3. Organizational ChangesThe organizational management of change (MOC) process is a crucial component of any facility’s overall risk management strategy. It is intended to ensure that the site operating organization can provide safe operation during both normal and emergency situations, by assessing and managing the risks associated with any changes to the organizational structure, policies, procedures, or standards that govern the operation of the facility. This includes changes to staffing levels, job responsibilities, reporting structures, training requirements, and other aspects of the organizational framework.
    By carefully evaluating and managing these changes through the MOC process, organizations can ensure that they maintain a safe and compliant operating environment while also remaining flexible and adaptive to changing business needs and operational requirements. The organizational MOC process also helps to promote a culture of safety and accountability within the organization.

Which Agencies Are Involved With MOC?

The management of change (MOC) process involves several agencies that play a critical role in ensuring that changes are managed safely and effectively. Some of the agencies involved in MOC include:


Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), which is responsible for enforcing environmental regulations related to hazardous waste management, air and water pollution control, and chemical safety.


The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) is another regulatory body that plays a key role in MOC, as it sets and enforces safety standards related to workplace hazards and exposures.


The Control of Major Accident Hazards (COMAH) regulations require companies to identify and control risks associated with hazardous materials and provide emergency response plans in case of an incident.

Other agencies involved in MOC may include local or state environmental agencies, industry associations, and insurance companies, all of whom may provide guidance and support in managing changes and mitigating risks.

How To Implement MOC In Your Organization?

An organization’s Management of Change (MOC) program has a number of steps in its implementation designed to identify potential hazards and risks that could arise from implementing a change in a systematic and structured way. The steps ensure that the appropriate measures have been taken to manage or mitigate the risks posed by a change.

  1. Develop a MOC Policy: Develop a written policy that outlines the MOC process and the responsibilities of different stakeholders involved in the change management process.
  2. Identify and Assess Change: Identify the proposed changes, and assess their potential impact on the organization, including the risks, hazards, and benefits of the changes.
  3. Review and approval:
    Develop a plan to manage the changes, including risk management strategies, contingency plans, communication plans, and training plans for employees. Obtain approval from relevant stakeholders, such as senior management, regulatory bodies, and affected departments, before implementing the changes.
  4. Conduct a PSSR:
    Before making any changes, a pre-safety startup review (PSSR) pre-safety startup review (PSSR) must be conducted. This is done to make sure that safety precautions are in place before a modification is implemented.
  5. Implement the change and receive feedback:
    Implement the changes as planned, and monitor the process to ensure it is successful. If the change has significant risks, it is not feasible. As a corollary, be careful to only move forward with modifications after considering all the risks and establishing that they can be managed. Making modifications based on feedback from those on the ground is, lastly, crucial.
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